By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in jap Indonesia, situated simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is extremely endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are truly with regards to one another, as indicated by way of the various obvious cognates and the very related pronominal paradigms chanced on around the staff, their genetic dating to different Papuan languages is still debatable. situated a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan buddies at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far-off westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa offers a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages. The ebook is based as a reference grammar: after a normal creation at the language, it audio system and the linguistic state of affairs on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and observe periods to its better grammatical ingredients and their mutual kin: nominal words, serial verb structures, clauses, clause combos, and knowledge constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically complicated, Teiwa is sort of analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically attention-grabbing positive aspects of the language comprise: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and prevents, that is strange for languages of japanese Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs decide on a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa is predicated on basic box facts, accumulated via the writer in 2003-2007. a range of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of assorted style
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Teiwa (Mouton Grammar Library)
Phonology Teiwa has five cardinal vowels, of which the high ones /i, u/ also show a contrast in length. 2. 2. Teiwa vowel phonemes (orthographic representation in brackets). Front /i / /i:/ (ii) /Ǫ/ (e) /a/ (aa) High / Close Mid Low / Open Central Back /u/ /u:/ (uu) /ǣ/ (o) /Ǡ/ (a) The vowel /a/ has a long and a short allophone [a] and [a:]. 1). The vowels /Ǫ, ǣ/ are represented as e and o. 3). 2. Description of the consonants The fricatives /ȇ, v/ are low in frequency. The pairs in (1) demonstrate the phonemic contrast between them, but evidence for their separate phonemic status is limited, as the voiced fricative /v/ only occurs in about 10 words in my word list of over 1300 items.
With the declaration of independence in 1945, Alor and Pantar became part of the Republik Indonesia. Today, the Dutch cultural influence is most visible in Kalabahi, and in the Kabola peninsula. This is probably because the Dutch administration and schools were located there. 5% of the children on Alor were going to school (2,089 out of a total population of 28,063 boys and girls, Van Gaalen 1945: 24, 41a). 5. 23 Islam is the minority religion on Alor and Pantar. Muslims and Christians coexist peacefully on the island; ethnic or religious conflicts appear to be absent.
Introduction Teiwa has eight vowels /i, i:, u, u:, a, Ǡ, Ǫ, ǣ/ and twenty consonants. The consonants include a velar, uvular and a glottal stop, as well as an contrast between a pharyngeal and a glottal fricative that is exceptional for the languages of Eastern Indonesia (cf. Hajek, in press). 1. 2 describes the structure of the syllable and stress assigment. Teiwa syllables have an optional onset, and may be open or closed. Phonemic consonant clusters with a second liquid consonant occur only in the onset position of stressed syllables.