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By Rasmus Rask

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Extra resources for A grammar of the Danish language for the Englishmen

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The result of his analysis can be seen in the diagram he devises: Table 10 Distinctive feature analysis: Oftedal Acute Grave Plain Flat Diffuse i i u o Non-diffuse Non-compact e Compact a (Oftedal, 1969, 267) Oftedal reaches this conclusion by looking at the three sets of oppositions: Diffuse/Compact; Acute/Grave; and Plain/Flat. The opposition Compact/Diffuse is described as follows: 'Compact phonemes are characterized by the relative predominance of one centrally located formant region (or formant).

In NW and some dialects of SW (R. O. Jones, 1967, 1824) it can be prefixed to initial /l-, m-, n-, w-/ (iv) /s, z, ò, / may all occur in initial, medial and final positions in citation forms. g. /zu/ 'zoo', /fezant/ 'pheasant'. It does not, however, occur regularly in this variety of SW, compare /lantrIz/ and /lantrIs/ 'swingle tree', occurring side by side. g. /su/ 'zoo', /sI k/ 'zinc'. The Liquids The liquids consist of the non-fricative alveolar lateral /l/ and the alveolar trills /r/ and / /.

Therefore he looked again at the formant heights this time measured in semi-tones and finds now the situation is reversed, and he can label / / as [+acute]. This illustrates the problem inherent in this system of distinctive features (as well as others): the lack of a means of characterizing central vowels satisfactorily. We will return to this problem below. The following table shows the formant differences mentioned above as obtained from subject C in the author's data: Table 11 Differences F1F2 and F2F3 for subject C a i I 700 650 550 300 500 F1F2 1400 1100 800 1000 1100 F2F3 < previous page page_32 next page > < previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 From this data we can see that the criteria noted by Jakobson et al.

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