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This, the 1st quantity of an enormous paintings, describes the institution of the United countries, the controversies and debates in the association and the political components surrounding those throughout the first ten years of its lifestyles.
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Additional info for A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955
These particularly concerned the powers of the new organisation in the economic and social field. The non-communist powers, recalling the conclusions reached by the League (see p. 12 above), wanted the new organisation to be equipped with considerable responsibilities in these fields; the Soviet Union wanted an organisation restricted to the area of peace and security. This divergence of views has left traces until the present day. But there were some differences among the Western powers too in this respect.
In the first place, it 28 A History of the United Nations could use measures not involving force, such as sanctions or breaking off communications (as in the League); and, if these failed, it would take action by air, naval or land forces, including demonstrations or blockade. Every member of the organisation would 'obligate' themselves to accept and carry out the decisions of the Council. The Soviet Union submitted proposals calling for a carefully graduated escalation of such measures, beginning with an appeal to the parties and ending with naval, air and land operations against the aggressor.
There would be a more dominant role for the major powers (that is, themselves) in exercising enforcement authority. And the veto power would be abolished, for all except the permanent members (again mainly themselves). ences between them. The British had somewhat weakened on their insistence on a regional system, but had not altogether abandoned that view. The Ru ssians were also inclined this way, being reluctant to concede China a recognised place of influence over the affairs of Europe. The Chinese, on the other hand, wanted a more centralised system, which would enhance their own role, and believed that any regional arrangements could be established only with the authority of the Security Council.