Download A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians by J F. Staal PDF

By J F. Staal

The achievements of Pānini and the Indian grammarians, starting approximately 2500 years in the past, have by no means been absolutely favored by means of Western students -- partially a result of nice technical problems provided through such an inquiry, and partially simply because proper educational articles were limited to imprecise and inaccessible publications.

This e-book makes to be had to linguists and Sanskritists a set of crucial articles at the Sanskrit grammarians, and gives a hooked up ancient define in their actions. It covers reviews and fragments starting from early 7th-century money owed of the grammarians -- recorded by means of Buddhist pilgrims from China and Tibet, through Muslim tourists from the close to East, and through Christian missionaries -- to a couple of the simplest articles that experience seemed over the past century and a half.

Chapters within the e-book conceal the root of Sanskrit experiences within the West laid through British students operating in India and together with the distinctive and actual details supplied through Henry Thomas Colebrooke; the linguistic reviews of Pānini through von Schlegel and von Humboldt; the paintings of Bhandarkar and of Kielhorn; William Dwight Whitney's low overview of the "native" grammarians; and the philological paintings of recent Western, Indian, and eastern scholars.

The editor observes that fabrics within the Reader demonstrate difficulties tackled by means of the Sanskrit grammarians which heavily parallel advancements in modern linguistics. He has supplied old and linguistic statement and bibliographic information within the introductions and notes that accompany every one choice. Articles are of their unique English, German, and French. Texts or passages in chinese language, Tibetan, Arabic, Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek have, for the main half, been translated into English, and all Sanskrit passages were translated into the Latin alphabet.

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This work is widely spread, and used throughout all the frontier provinces, but the well-read scholars of India do not follow it as their guide in practice. This then is the fundamental treatise relating to sounds and letters of the Western world, their branch-divisions, distinctions and mutual connections. e. letter roots or bases); again, there are (treatises on the) two separate kinds of letter-groupings, one named Mandaka in 3000 slokas, the other called Unädi in 2500 slokas. These distinguish letter-groupings from letter-roots.

As the first case has three numbers, so have the remaining ones, the forms of which, being too numerous to be mentioned, are omitted here. A noun is called Subanta, having (3 x 8) twenty-four (inflected) forms. ß. The Ten Las There are ten signs with L (for the verbal tenses); in conjugating (lit. e. past, present, and future, are expressed. y. The Eighteen Finals ( T i n ) . 2 Thus every verb (in one tense) has eighteen different forms which are called Tiñanta. 2. Wen-ch'a (Manda or Munda) This treats of the formation of words by means of combining (a root and a suffix or suffixes).

Thereupon Pänini appeared (Schiefner 1869, 294). The work of the Tibetan scholar Täranätha (born 1573) on the history of Buddhism in India, which was completed in 1608, also incorporates numerous legends, but its aim appears to be more strictly historical. C. C. king Nanda overthrew this earlier dynasty and established a new one, known as the Nanda dynasty. When relating events during the reign of king Nanda, Täranätha speaks about Pänini and provides some information about grammars (from the German translation in Schiefner 1869, 53-54).

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