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By C. A. Spinage

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Additional resources for A Territorial Antelope: the Uganda Waterbuck

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Aerial counts conducted by NUTAE in 1966 to 1967 revealed the presence of some 3000 elephants, 20 000 buffalo and 12 000 hippopotamus (Field, 1966, 1967). In addition there were an estimated 20 000 Uganda kob, 5000 topi, 3000 waterbuck, and numerous warthog; with lesser numbers of bushbuck and Chanler's reedbuck, to name but the commonest ungulates. Topi are restricted to the southern sector of the Park, south of the Maramagambo Forest; reedbuck are localized in distribution, and kob occur only in numbers in open grassland where there is little thicket.

Its disadvantages are that it simply paralyses the animal, which remains fully conscious; dosage is critical, dependent upon the weight of the animal, and there is no antidote to it. But correctly applied, an animal is immobilized within 20 min and on average, 7 min after injection, and it recovers completely after 20 to 30 min with no side effects (Short and Spinage, 1967). For shooting the dart into the animal I used a 90 lb pull crossbow, a crossbow being both cheaper and making less noise than a gun, but requiring somewhat more skill in its use.

Study Area 45 elephants. Hippopotamuses were numerous along the lake shore, but 171 were removed in culling operations. Large numbers of kob were present in the south-east (Fig. 16). As a contrast, a low density area was studied known by the name of the "Royal Circuit Area". Its main topographical differences were that a part became waterlogged during the rains, and that there was an extensive cover oilmperata cylindrica. Buffalo were the most numerous occupants, numbering up to 600 head, and up to 100 hippopotamuses occupied the waterlogged area during the wet seasons.

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