Download An Introduction to Modern Literary Arabic by David Cowan PDF

By David Cowan

The teachings are transparent, in non-technical language, and feature beneficiant examples, with lots of routines for translation from Arabic to English and from English to Arabic. this can be the handbook that scholars attracted to Arabic as a residing and increasing international language will favor. it's the first to deal quite often with smooth literary Arabic. In Mr Cowan's phrases: 'The function is to give an explanation for to the scholars, in as concise a fashion as attainable, the grammatical constitution of the fashionable Arabic literary language because it is located at the present time in newspapers, magazines, books, the radio, and public conversing. i've got endeavoured to limit the fabric to the minimal that could function a stepping-stone to a deeper research of Arabic. because the basic grammar of written Arabic has rarely replaced as an advent to the classical language additionally. Having as soon as mastered its contents the coed must have a legitimate clutch of Arabic grammar and will then direct his stories in the direction of sleek literature or classical in accordance with his wishes and tendencies.

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This is almost certainly because people brought up with two languages realize naturally (and usually unconsciously) through their own experience that different languages work in different ways, and so their minds become more flexible and more able to grasp how another language connects direct to 'life'.  Translation is never truly 'true'.  Translation is the only quick way of finding out. ) What is terribly dangerous, though, is the translation 'mentality', the approach to foreign languages that cannot see them or learn them as anything but translations of the mother tongue.

If you are in fact a native English­speaker you may be a little surprised at first at the sort of points we suggest are important; but they are precisely the sort of thing to look out for if you are studying a foreign language.  We must remember that exactly the same principle applies to other languages. In §§167­175 we study a whole passage of English in detail to show how much can be learnt from even a short piece of language.  This is because it is the knowledge of words that is crucial in the learning of a language ­ not knowledge of grammar, as many people seem to think.

Equally, when you want to speak Page 23 or write you will tend to have forgotten the words and phrases that express what you want to say, as you will have 'left them behind' in your hurry to turn everything into your own language.  Indeed, it will probably never have been anchored in your mind in the first place, because of that haste to translate. Apart from anything else, this will probably mean that you will tend to use many expressions in quite the wrong way, to convey meanings that the expression does not have, or at least not in that context.

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