Download Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the by Yuen Foong Khong PDF

By Yuen Foong Khong

From global struggle I to Operation barren region hurricane, American policymakers have time and again invoked the "lessons of heritage" as they meditated taking their state to warfare. Do those historic analogies really form coverage, or are they essentially instruments of political justification? Yuen Foong Khong argues that leaders use analogies no longer simply to justify regulations but in addition to accomplish particular cognitive and information-processing initiatives necessary to political decision-making. Khong identifies what those projects are and indicates how they are often used to provide an explanation for the U.S. selection to interfere in Vietnam. hoping on interviews with senior officers and on lately declassified records, the writer demonstrates with a precision no longer attained by way of earlier stories that the 3 most vital analogies of the Vietnam era--Korea, Munich, and Dien Bien Phu--can account for America's Vietnam offerings. a different contribution is the author's use of cognitive social psychology to help his argument approximately how people analogize and to provide an explanation for why policymakers frequently use analogies poorly.

Show description

Read Online or Download Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965 PDF

Similar other social sciences books

Marcus Contextual Grammars

Marcus Contextual Grammars is the 1st monograph to give a category of grammars brought approximately 3 many years in the past, in accordance with the basic linguistic phenomenon of strings-contexts interaction (selection). lots of the theoretical effects got thus far in regards to the many variations of contextual grammars are awarded with emphasis on periods of questions with relevance for functions within the examine of normal language syntax: generative powers, descriptive and computational complexity, automata reputation, semilinearity, constitution of the generated strings, ambiguity, regulated rewriting, and so on.

Essays on the Characteristics

This e-book was once initially released sooner than 1923, and represents a replica of an immense old paintings, protecting an identical layout because the unique paintings. whereas a few publishers have opted to practice OCR (optical personality reputation) expertise to the method, we think this results in sub-optimal effects (frequent typographical blunders, unusual characters and complicated formatting) and doesn't accurately defend the ancient personality of the unique artifact.

Additional resources for Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965

Example text

I take up this issue in the next chapter. culation is able to explain why C' was chosen over D' or E'. In fact, if one takes the logic of containment or credibility seriously, one would expect options D' or E' to be chosen over C'. S. objectives. Obviously, some factor other than containment or credibility was at work. Containment theorists often turn to domestic or bureaucratic politics to explain why the harsher options were rejected. Although those factors were relevant, the way they are introduced into the argument is rather ad hoc.

The 1930s, Malaya, and Greece are also among the top five analogies in both counts. The French experience, however, never invoked in public, was the second most frequently used analogy in private. It therefore also deserves to be analyzed. In addition, the 1930s and Malaya analogies will also figure prominently in this work. In effect, I have chosen to analyze the four most frequently invoked private analogies. 2 are partially responsible for this choice; equally important, however, is a qualitative assessment, based on interviews with former policymakers and a familiarity with the Vietnam documents, of the analogies that seem to matter.

Finally, in documenting how the various analogies influenced policymakers' analyses of Vietnam and their options, I refrain from evaluating the accuracy of their diagnoses. Some of the analogy-based assessments made by policymakers will appear misleading, perhaps even ludicrous, to the reader, yet I shall withhold judgment, at least in part 2 of this work. In so doing, I do not mean to suggest that the policymakers' anal- 64 CHAPTER 3 ogy-based diagnoses were correct. Indeed, in each case, I also document how detractors tried to point out the flaws of those analogies.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.44 of 5 – based on 39 votes