By Hans Reichelt
Excerpt from Awestisches Elementarbuch
Mein awestisches elementarbuch hat den Zweck, jedem, der für die Sprache und die Literatur des Awesta Interesse hat, die Möglichkeit zu bieten, sich damit wissenschaftlich oder praktisch bekannt zu machen. Es setzt allerdings eine gewisse Kenntnis des Altindischen voraus, ohne die das Awestische wegen des geringen Umfangs und der mangelhaften Überlieferung nur schwer verständlich wird, und geht darum quickly durch wegs vom Arischen als der Grundlage beider Sprachen aus; gleichwohl will es auch dem, der das Altindische nicht genauer kennt, ein ausreichendes Hilfsmittel sein, indem es durch die Anlage der Formenlehre und Syntax, sowie durch die Einrichtung des Glossars seinen Be dürfnissen gerecht zu werden sucht.
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Extra info for Awestisches Elementarbuch
44 so that K p a n = kvaj\x or kraji. The contrasts n/n ', are not always shown. /r' (plain versus palatal I n r) There may be a semicircle or circumflex joining the consonant to the following vowel: K o m * . 51 BOAHI. BOA*^ B O A ' M I . 52 or y + i)» In other positions the use of the jers varies from one MS to another. In some older MSS they are omitted only in certain words and only occasionally replaced by e and o; in some MSS they are fairly consistently replaced by e and o in some positions, and tend to be omitted in others.
Nom. C M M , CM CM CMhA Acc. CMhA CM CMhA Gen. CM;CI Dat. CMU-L Instr. CHUM Loc. I Sing. Nom. (MHie) Acc. M, Dual (hewe) hero he (Hxwe) »-* (Hxxe) H\ M Gen. hero h€h9v Dat. j-euov hen Mua MUb he* Mua (H)eub hen Instr. Loc. I-EH> heH> 47 (nxe) Flur. Nom. (nxe) (niwe) Aoo. YiK YfK Gen. I Dat. MUb Instr. MUM Loo. ). (his, her, its, their own), There are no dual possessive pronouns, the genitive of the personal pronoun is used instead. TOVWAb (someone else's) can also be declined in this way, but nom inal forms are found as well.
Instr. 32 Fem. Neut. The pronominal declension also has nominal endings, to which are added the corresponding endings of the pronoun, that is, the palatal pronominal endings. These endings are often found in con tracted form. Masc. Hard Sing. Dual Nom. HOBIM, HORllM HOBai-ft Acc. HOBIM, HOBIIM H0BaH\ Gen. HOBaero, H O B a a r o ^ Dat. HOBOV^eUOV, Instr. HOBllHUb, Loc. HMUITM h « U h , HOBaro HOBOVOVUOV, HOBOVH> HOBllHUa HOBOVUOV HOBllMUa HOBllUh HHUIT H> H> HHUlTeUb Plur. Nom. HOBMM Acc. HOBllhA Gen.