Download Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences by Clara B. Jones PDF

By Clara B. Jones

Various figures, illustrations, and tables; integration of latest literature and ideas into box of primatology; emphasis upon either behavioral and cognitive mechanisms.

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Additional info for Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences (Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects)

Example text

C Fumio Fukuda. , female Macaca). Fukuda (1988) found that group size decreased dramatically consequent to increases in dispersal rates in his study group. He attributed this failure of recruitment to the loss of adult females occasioned by decreased supplies of food. It is possible that female emigration created an unstable group size from whose perturbations the group was unable to recover, increasing extinction risk (Hanski, 2001) and possibly representing one example of the deleterious consequences of behavioral flexibility.

Nding unpredictable food resources, protection from predators), group life creates an alternate, changing environment in which individuals are required to continuously assess the advantages (benefits) and disadvantages (costs) to survival, reproductive success, and/or phenotype of their potential interactions with conspecifics. Indeed, consistent with McCleery’s (1978, p. ” This perspective addresses the problem of the tradeoffs animals make between their investment in behavioral flexibility and their own survival, future reproduction, and/or phenotypic interests.

Most female cercopithecines). Flexible dispersers are individuals that disperse readily; whereas cautious dispersers are individuals characterized by reluctance to move away from home ranges or territories. Case Studies of Behavioral Flexibility Macaca fuscata Fukuda (1983, 1988, 2004) observed increased dispersal rates in association with temporal environmental changes by both male and female Japanese macaques (M. fuscata: Fig. 2). He reported dispersal after a decrease in provisioned food in this species, which typically exhibits female philopatry (Pusey and Packer, 1987).

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