By Charles H. Stewart
During this booklet Charles Stewart analyses the improvement of the budgetary strategy in the home of Representatives among 1865 and 1921. The interval begun with the production of the home Appropriations Committee and ended with the passage of the Budgetary Accounting Act. makes an attempt at switch have been heavily with regards to societal and financial, but additionally to institutional, advancements in this interval. either the electoral procedure and the nationwide social gathering procedure, in addition to battle and different financial crises, impacted upon the budgetary approach.
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Additional resources for Budget Reform Politics: The Design of the Appropriations Process in the House of Representatives, 1865-1921 (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions)
It is an empirical question whether the House and Senate can be considered Olsonian small groups. If they can, then the social pressures defining the "norms" and "folkways" of the two chambers might also operate to pressure some members into taking seats on control committees and other positions of control, such as party leadership. zz The local orientation of MCs is substantial, but not total. The awareness of the broader national interest is heightened for MCs by their working environment, in which they are in the midst of the clash of local interests.
Division of labor is also beneficial to members because it allows those not interested in certain subjects to direct their energies elsewhere. Thus, the most obvious benefits a committee system would have to rank-and-file members, considered at this basic level, are (1) the facilitation of the body's work and (2) the compartmentalization of work to allow those with the greatest interest to focus on a particular issue. Also of interest to members, though less 37 Issues in the study of budgeting obvious to the outsider, are the services that committees can perform to build coalitions.
The committee system is frequently assaulted head on through attacks on jurisdiction and membership. Leadership is rarely attacked frontally, but reformist attention to the rules that govern legislative consideration and committee appointments serves to define the discretion that party leaders have in pursuing independent policy directions. Second, the committee and leadership systems are frequently the sources of reform proposals and are often the primary sources of reform opposition. To understand the extent to which the committee and party systems mold the development of reform, we need to explore briefly (i) the costs and benefits these systems bring to rank-and-file members and (2) the resources these systems have to further and resist reform efforts.