By Martin P. C. Schaad (auth.)
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Additional info for Bullying Bonn: Anglo-German Diplomacy on European Integration, 1955–61
There was no mention of an approach to be made to either Germany or the US. 75 Hence, the Economic Steering Committee instructed the Mutual Aid Committee to formulate a policy towards this end. It appears, therefore, that neither committee suggested anything like an attempt to interfere with the efforts of the Six. On the contrary, the ofﬁcials on these committees were aware that Britain had to come up with a substantial policy initiative herself, if the establishment of the Common Market was to be prevented.
It was here that a new British attitude towards European integration emerged. While British governments had previously shown benevolence towards Continental European integration, from 1955 onwards increasing use was to be made of the two negative and interrelated arguments put forward by Chancellor Butler: ﬁrstly, that Continental European integration was divisive due to the resulting economic discrimination against non-participants; secondly, that economic division would ultimately lead to political division.
None the less, the Economic Policy Committee decided to approach the German government in an attempt to prevent the establishment of a Common Market with the argument that a customs union of the Six would be economically and politically divisive for the Western Alliance. This development from an accurate interpretation of the available information to the formulation of an inappropriate tactical approach was the consequence of the combination of two factors. Firstly, there was a lack of communication between civil servants and decision-makers, apparent in the Trend report itself.