By Anson F. Rainey
This four-volume reference paintings bargains with the language of the Amarna letters written by way of scribes who had followed a unusual dialect mix of Accadian and West Semitic syntax. as well as the texts from Canaan, a number of from Alashia are integrated in addition to the texts from Kamed el-Loz and Taanach.
Each of the 1st 3 volumes is written as a separate monograph; jointly they deal with the issues of morphology and syntax. the 1st quantity covers writing, pronouns and nouns (substantives, adjectives and numerals); the second one quantity treats the verbal process; and the 3rd quantity discusses debris and adverbs with a bankruptcy on note order. The fourth quantity comprises the bibliography and index to the set.
Since those texts are the earliest witness to West Semitic syntax, they're a useful resource for the ancient examine of the North West Semitic kinfolk, together with biblical Hebrew.
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Additional resources for Canaanite in the Amarna Tablets: A Linguistic Analysis of the Mixed Dialect Used by Scribes from Canaan
223) although their y( value for IA is adopted where it seemed more useful than Gelb's ii. The even more confusing method adopted by Parpola (1970:XV n. 1) might be suitable for Neo-Assyrian letters but it ignores the needs of texts from the western areas during the second millennium B. C. E. g. s. ), ia-as-tap-pdr (EA 233:16). e. a-y(-ka-am (AHw:876b; CAD A/1:232). On the other hand, a-ia-ka4-mi (EA 149:2) is the indefinite pronoun, "somewhere, anywhere," not the interrogative ayfkam (contra CAD A/1:232a).
Therefore, it should not be surprising that NI(231) is used by these scribes in places where grammar would require an e- vowel. A frequent case in point is the numerous N forms of epesu (Rainey 1973c:250-254). A selection of pertinent examples is in-ne-ep-su (EA 73:28'; 74:21), ti-ne-pu-us (EA 74:35; 117:94), ti-ne-ep-su (EA 74:27; 76:42), ti-ne-pu-su (EA 73:32'). To these may be added in-ne-bi-it (EA 256:6), in4-ne-bi-tu (EA 256:7), in4-ne-ri-ir (EA 256:20). EN(99) not only represents I en I but also I in I, with the reading in4.
G. salim (EA 34:4; 267:18) and in uRuU-ru-saw-lim (EA 289:29; also EA 289:14; 290:15). However, there are instances where the scribe evidently intended the value Ii without any reference to mimation. e. ' suffix -ima). " It is also possible to read LO-Ii / an-nu-u "this, my man" (EA 108:47; direct object in this context), also rURUqi "my city" (EA 118:34; direct object). GAL-Ii (EA 62:27). On the other hand, at least one scribe seems to use LO-LIM as an Akkadogram without reference to the syntactic status of the vocable in question, viz.