Download Canaanite in the Amarna Tablets: A Linguistic Analysis of by Anson F. Rainey PDF

By Anson F. Rainey

This four-volume reference paintings bargains with the language of the Amarna letters written by way of scribes who had followed a unusual dialect mix of Accadian and West Semitic syntax. as well as the texts from Canaan, a number of from Alashia are integrated in addition to the texts from Kamed el-Loz and Taanach.
Each of the 1st 3 volumes is written as a separate monograph; jointly they deal with the issues of morphology and syntax. the 1st quantity covers writing, pronouns and nouns (substantives, adjectives and numerals); the second one quantity treats the verbal process; and the 3rd quantity discusses debris and adverbs with a bankruptcy on note order. The fourth quantity comprises the bibliography and index to the set.
Since those texts are the earliest witness to West Semitic syntax, they're a useful resource for the ancient examine of the North West Semitic kinfolk, together with biblical Hebrew.

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Additional resources for Canaanite in the Amarna Tablets: A Linguistic Analysis of the Mixed Dialect Used by Scribes from Canaan

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223) although their y( value for IA is adopted where it seemed more useful than Gelb's ii. The even more confusing method adopted by Parpola (1970:XV n. 1) might be suitable for Neo-Assyrian letters but it ignores the needs of texts from the western areas during the second millennium B. C. E. g. s. ), ia-as-tap-pdr (EA 233:16). e. a-y(-ka-am (AHw:876b; CAD A/1:232). On the other hand, a-ia-ka4-mi (EA 149:2) is the indefinite pronoun, "somewhere, anywhere," not the interrogative ayfkam (contra CAD A/1:232a).

Therefore, it should not be surprising that NI(231) is used by these scribes in places where grammar would require an e- vowel. A frequent case in point is the numerous N forms of epesu (Rainey 1973c:250-254). A selection of pertinent examples is in-ne-ep-su (EA 73:28'; 74:21), ti-ne-pu-us (EA 74:35; 117:94), ti-ne-ep-su (EA 74:27; 76:42), ti-ne-pu-su (EA 73:32'). To these may be added in-ne-bi-it (EA 256:6), in4-ne-bi-tu (EA 256:7), in4-ne-ri-ir (EA 256:20). EN(99) not only represents I en I but also I in I, with the reading in4.

G. salim (EA 34:4; 267:18) and in uRuU-ru-saw-lim (EA 289:29; also EA 289:14; 290:15). However, there are instances where the scribe evidently intended the value Ii without any reference to mimation. e. ' suffix -ima). " It is also possible to read LO-Ii / an-nu-u "this, my man" (EA 108:47; direct object in this context), also rURUqi "my city" (EA 118:34; direct object). GAL-Ii (EA 62:27). On the other hand, at least one scribe seems to use LO-LIM as an Akkadogram without reference to the syntactic status of the vocable in question, viz.

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