By Thomas Paine
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Published anonymously in 1776, six months prior to the announcement of Independence, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was once a thorough and impassioned demand the United States to loose itself from British rule and arrange an self reliant republican govt. Savagely attacking hereditary kingship and aristocratic associations, Paine suggested a brand new starting for his followed nation within which own freedom and social equality will be upheld and monetary and cultural growth encouraged. His pamphlet used to be the 1st to talk on to a mass audience—it went via fifty-six variations inside a yr of publication—and its assertive and sometimes caustic type either embodied the democratic spirit he encouraged, and switched over hundreds of thousands of voters to the reason for American independence.
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Additional info for Common Sense: and The American Crisis I (Penguin Classics)
1, pp. 271–339. xxviii On Nietzsche’s critique of morality this case antiquity – for the present, and, second, that the motif of the contest is one that persists in Nietzsche and runs throughout his writings. 5 He is out to disturb our satisfaction with ourselves as moderns and as knowers. Although we may ﬁnd it difﬁcult to stomach some of his speciﬁc proposals for the overcoming of man and morality, his conception of genealogy has become a constitutive feature of our efforts at self-knowledge.
22 May: Nietzsche accompanies Wagner on the occasion of the latter’s ﬁfty-ninth birthday to the laying of the foundation-stone of the Bayreuth theatre. Publication of Untimely Meditations. August: First Bayreuth festival. Beginnings of estrangement from Wagner. September: Leaves Bayreuth in the company of Paul Rée. First part of Human, All Too Human (dedicated to Voltaire). 3 January: Wagner sends Nietzsche a copy of the recently published text of Parsifal. May: Nietzsche writes his last letter to Wagner and encloses a copy of Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits.
Ranke, Leopold (1795–1886), leading German historian who deﬁned the task of the historian as the quest for ‘objectivity’. Nietzsche’s early untimely meditation of 1874 on the uses and abuses of history for life can be read as a polemic against what he saw as the stultifying inﬂuence of Ranke’s historicism on German intellectual life. Rée, Paul (1849–1901), German (Jewish) psychologist, philosopher and atheist who became a close associate of Nietzsche’s, introducing him to Lou Salomé and exerting a powerful inﬂuence on the writings of his ‘middle period’ (1878–82).