By Elisabeth Badinter, Robert Badinter
Lorsque l. a. Révolution start, le marquis de Condorcet occupe une state of affairs privilégiée dans los angeles société. Mathématicien célèbre à vingt-cinq ans, secrétaire perpétuel de l'Académie des sciences à trente-deux ans, il est membre de l'Académie française et inspecteur des Monnaies. Ami de Voltaire et d'Alembert, il apparaît comme le dernier des encyclopédistes. Il est célèbre dans toute l'Europe des Lumières et lié aux plus brillants esprits du temps. Disciple de Turgot, il a vécu à ses côtés ses réformes et sa disgrâce. Enfin il est le mari heureux de l. a. belle et spirituelle Sophie de Grouchy.
Cet homme comblé est aussi un homme passionné de justice. Il s'est élevé contre toutes les erreurs judiciaires de l. a. fin de l'Ancien Régime. Ami des Noirs, il lutte contre l'esclavage et los angeles traite. Ami des Protestants et des Juifs, il milite pour l. a. reconnaissance de leur citoyenneté. Adversaire de los angeles peine de mort, il soutient los angeles reason de l'abolition. Et il est le seul à réclamer pour les femmes l'égalité entière des droits.
Dès le début de l. a. Révolution, cet intellectuel s'engage dans los angeles lutte politique. Sous l. a. Constituante, il se prononce parmi les premiers en faveur de los angeles République. Député à los angeles Législative, il suggest son célèbre plan d'Instruction publique qui inspirera un siècle plus tard les fondateurs de l'Ecole républicaine. Député à l. a. conference, il refuse par conviction abolitionniste de voter l. a. mort du Roi et rédige le projet de structure le plus démocratique qu'on ait élaboré jusqu'alors. Partisan de l'union des républicains, il se détache de ses amis Girondins sans pour autant rallier les Montagnards. Décrété d'accusation en juillet 1793, il se cache à Paris jusqu'en mars 1794. Il écrit alors l'Esquisse d'un tableau des progrès de l'Esprit humain, son oeuvre maîtresse. Pour ne pas compromettre l. a. sûreté de celle qui l'héberge, il quitte son shelter. Arrêté, il est trouvé mort dans sa cellule le 29 mars 1794.
Telle fut l. a. vie de cet intellectuel engagé qui connut l'échec politique mais dont l. a. pensée, selon le mot de Jean Jaurès, fait partie du patrimoine de los angeles République.
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