By Richard T. Gray
The learn provides a radical research of Kafka's aphoristic writings, reading them in ter
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Additional resources for Constructive destruction : Kafka's aphorisms, literary tradition, and literary transformation
The point is not that we must decide between these two possibilities, but rather that both co-exist, without one necessarily taking precedence over the other. The second sentence of this aphorism, which expands the concrete observation into an abstract generalized statement, reinforces this multiplicity insofar as it implies applicability in numerous circumstances. We experience in the text itself, then, a movement from Requadt, pp. 20-81. " Thus, while this reflection may indeed have been stimulated by either external observation or selfreflection, the occasional stimulus loses its significance in the very movement of the text away from the concrete toward the abstract.
In fact, the final intermingling of these separate types or, perhaps more germane, the sublation of the dogmatic in the initiative aphorism - in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries goes against such cultural biases. 45 Neumann terms this the "transcendental moralism" of the German aphorism, and it becomes his basis for distinguishing the German aphorism from its French counterpart. 46 In the transcendental-moralistic aphorism of the German tradition, the very possiblity of knowledge and of understanding is problematized, and this 42 43 44 45 46 Franz Mautner, "Maxim(e)s, Sentences, Fragmente, Aphorismen," Proceedings of the IVtb Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association (The Hague: Mouton, 1966), p.
As we shall see, the aphorism also incorporates the dialogical process fundamental to the Socratic method. This aspect lends the aphorism its heuristic function. Bacon is the first influential modern thinker consciously to propound and defend an aphoristic method, distinguishing it from dogmatic systematization. In doing so he delineates two investigative methods, the methodus magistralis and the methodus initiativa, corresponding to the positions of proven, accepted, unquestioned knowledge, and of hypothetical proposition respectively.