By Charles F. Kennel
The magnetosphere is the zone the place cosmic rays and the sun wind have interaction with the Earth's magnetic box, growing such phenomena because the northern lighting and different aurorae. The configuration and dynamics of the magnetosphere are of curiosity to planetary physicists, geophysicists, plasma astrophysicists, and to scientists making plans house missions. The move of sunlight wind plasma within the magnetosphere and substorms have lengthy been used because the precept paradigms for learning this very important quarter. Charles F. Kennel, a number one scientist within the box, the following provides a synthesis of the convection and substorm literatures, and an research of convection and substorm interactions; he additionally means that the at the moment authorised regular reconnection version might be advantageously changed by way of a version of a number of tail reconnection occasions, during which many together interdependent reconnections happen. Written in an obtainable, non-mathematical type, this ebook introduces the reader to the fascinating discoveries during this fast-growing box.
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Extra info for Convection and Substorms: Paradigms of Magnetospheric Phenomenology
S. G. Kanekal, R. B. Horne, N. P. Meredith, and S. A. 5, Geophys. Res. 1029/2007GL031007. Baker, D. , J. E. Mazur, and G. M. 1029/2012SW000804. Barth, C. , D. N. Baker, K. D. Mankoff, and S. M. Bailey (2001), The northern auroral region as observed in nitric oxide, Geophys. Res. , 28(8), 1463–1466. Barth, C. , D. N. Baker, K. D. Mankoff, and S. M. Bailey (2002), Magnetospheric control of the energy input into the thermosphere, Geophys. Res. 1029/2001GL 014362. Barth, C. , D. N. Baker, and S. M.
Et al. (1997a), Recurrent geomagnetic storms and relativistic electron enhancements in the outer magnetosphere: ISTP coordinated measurements, J. Geophys. , 102(A7), 14,141–14,148. Baker, D. , H. E. Spence, and J. B. Blake (1997b), ISTP: Relativistic particle acceleration and global energy transport, Adv. , 20, 1075–1080. Baker, D. , et al. (1998a), A strong CME-related magnetic cloud interaction with the Earth’s Magnetosphere: ISTP observations of rapid relativistic electron acceleration on May 15, 1997, Geophys.
2011, and references therein; Kellerman and Shprits, 2012] Figure 10. Seasonally averaged and normalized ﬂuxes of electron ﬂuxes measured by SAMPEX over the period 1992–1999. 5) and show a much higher average ﬂux level for the spring and fall equinox periods compared to the summer and winter solstice periods. From Baker et al. . 9. RADIATION BELT ENHANCEMENT AND DECAY RATES As has been noted in several ways above, the sudden appearance of high-energy radiation belt electrons is an BAKER AND BLAKE 29 Figure 11.