By Steven J. Zaloga
In 1945, together with her fleet destroyed and her armies overwhelmed, the one factor that stood among Japan and an Allied invasion used to be the various coastal defence positions that surrounded the islands. this can be the 1st publication to take an in depth examine the japanese domestic island fortifications that have been built in the course of 1941-45. using diagrams, specifically commissioned paintings, and assets formerly unavailable in English, Steven Zaloga examines those defences within the context of a potential Allied invasion, developing a variety of arguments for one of many maximum 'what if' eventualities of worldwide conflict II, and supporting to provide an explanation for why the american citizens determined to move forward with a nuclear choice.
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Extra resources for Defense of Japan: 1945
Ketsu-Go envisioned the final battle in four phases. During Phase 1, prior to the sortie of the American invasion fleet, Japanese forces would attempt to disrupt the preparations by attacking American anchorages such as at Ulithi with submarines, submarine-launched aircraft, and long-range aircraft. , 81, 93, 201, 202, 209, 214 51st Army Takahama 44, 151, 221 52nd Army Shisui 3 G, 147, 152, 234 53rd Army Isehara 84, 140, 316 117 Tokyo Bay Force Tokyo Bay 354 96, 114 Tokyo Defense Army Tokyo 1 G, 321, 1 AA 1 G, 2 G, 3 G, 66, 67 54th Army Shinshiro 73, 143, 153, 224, 229, 355, 2 AA 97, 119, 120 13th Area Army 2nd General Army 15th Area Army 115, 116 7 3 2 8 Hiroshima 55th Army Shingai 11, 155, 205, 344 121 59th Army Hiroshima 144, 225, 230, 231, 3 AA 123, 124 Futsukaichi 4 AA, 216 107,118, 122, 126 40th Army Ijuin 77, 146, 206, 303 125 56th Army Iizuka 57, 145, 312, 351 57th Army Takarabe 25, 86, 154, 156, 212 98, 109, Sapporo 7, 42, 88, 91 101, 129 16th Area Army 5th Area Army Independent Tank Brigades 4 5, 6 Armd.
This would have been the largest amphibious operation of the war; D-Day in Normandy involved 12 divisions. Once southern Kyushu was secure and forward airbases were in operation, the next stage was Operation Coronet, landing 25 divisions on the Kanto Plain around Tokyo on “Y-Day,” March 1, 1946. 7 and 4 million US casualties including 400,000–800,000 dead, more casualties than the US had suffered in the previous four years of war. Potential Japanese casualties were estimated to be in the 5–10 million range on the assumption that there would be widespread civilian participation in the hostilities.
Owing to the mountainous conditions on Kyushu, Japanese armored strength was limited. Three armored brigades were committed to the 16th Area Army as counterattack forces, and these are Type 3 Chi-Nu medium tanks from the 4th Armored Brigade near Fukuoka at the end of the war, the best Japanese tank in widespread distribution in 1945. com THE SITES IN BATTLE The US plan in the spring of 1945 was to launch a two-pronged assault on the Home Islands. The first amphibious landing, Operation Olympic, would hit southern Kyushu on “X-Day,” November 1, 1945 with 14 divisions.