By Alex Housen, Folkert Kuiken, Ineke Vedder
This bankruptcy offers the result of a learn on interlanguage version. The construction of 4 L2 newbies of Italian, validated 4 instances at every year durations whereas engaged in 4 oral projects, is in comparison to that of 2 local audio system, and analysed with quantitative CAF measures. hence, time, activity sort, nativeness, in addition to staff vs. person rankings are the self reliant variables and complexity, accuracy, and fluency are the based ones. effects convey how either L2 novices and local audio system exhibit situational edition, yet with transparent changes among the 2 teams. Longitudinally, a Read more...
content material: 1. desk of contents, pI-VI; 2. Acknowledgements, pVII-VIII; three. Notes on individuals, pIX-XII; four. Complexity, accuracy and fluency: Definitions, dimension and examine (by Housen, Alex), p1-20; five. Defining and operationalising L2 complexity (by Bulte, Bram), p21-46; 6. Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency from the viewpoint of psycholinguistic moment Language Acquisition learn (by Towell, Richard J.), p47-70; 7. Complexity, accuracy and fluency*: The position performed by means of formulaic sequences in early interlanguage improvement (by Myles, Florence), p71-94; eight. the expansion of complexity and accuracy in L2 French: prior observations and up to date functions of developmental levels (by Agren, Malin), p95-120; nine. The impression of activity complexity on practical adequacy, fluency and lexical variety in talking performances of local and non-native audio system (by Jong, Nivja de), p121-142; 10. Syntactic complexity, lexical edition and accuracy as a functionality of activity complexity and skillability point in L2 writing and talking (by Kuiken, Folkert), p143-170; eleven. the results of cognitive job complexity on L2 oral construction (by Levkina, Mayya), p171-198; 12. Complexity, accuracy, fluency and lexis in task-based functionality: A synthesis of the Ealing study (by Skehan, Peter), p199-220; thirteen. Measuring and perceiving adjustments in oral complexity, accuracy and fluency: analyzing prompt novices' temporary earnings (by Tonkyn, Alan Paul), p221-244; 14. the advance of complexity, accuracy and fluency within the written construction of L2 French (by Gunnarsson, Cecilia), p247-276; 15. A longitudinal learn of complexity, accuracy and fluency edition in moment language improvement (by Ferraris, Stefania), p277-298; sixteen. Epilogue (by Housen, Alex), p299-302; 17. Index, p303-306
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Extra resources for Dimensions of L2 Performance and Proficiency : Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in SLA
In C. Doughty, & J. Williams (Eds). Focus on form in classroom second language acquisition (pp. 139–151). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. -Y. (1998). Second language development in writing: Measures of fluency, accuracy, and complexity. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii, Second Language Teaching & Curriculum Center. , & Ellis, R. (2003). The effects of pre-task planning and on-line planning on fluency, complexity and accuracy in L2 oral production. Applied Linguistics, 24(1), 1–27.
These objective factors include the perceptual saliency and frequency of occurrence of L2 features in the input (Goldschneider & DeKeyser 2001), their communicative load and, as indicated by the dotted line in Figure 1, also their absolute or inherent complexity, or complexity for short. The absolute approach defines language complexity in objective, quantitative terms as the number of discrete components that a language feature or a language system consists of, and as the number of connections between the different components.
Focus on French as a foreign language: Multidisciplinary approaches (pp. 210–239). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. , & Hawkins, R. (1994). Approaches to second language acquisition. Clevedon: Multi‑ lingual Matters. , & Bazergui, N. (1996). The development of fluency in advanced learners of French. Applied Linguistics, 17(1), 84–119. , & Lowie, W. (2011). A dynamic approach to second language development: Methods and techniques. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. , & Evans, J. (1998). What kind of focus and on which forms?