By Claude Eilers (ed.)
The Roman global used to be essentially a face-to-face tradition, the place it was once anticipated that conversation and negotiations will be performed in individual. this is visible in Rome's contacts with different towns, states, and kingdoms - even if based, self reliant, pleasant or adverse - and within the improvement of a diplomatic behavior with its personal rhythms and protocols that coalesced right into a self-sustaining procedure of communique. This quantity of papers bargains ten views at the manner during which ambassadors, embassies, and the institutional apparatuses helping them contributed to Roman rule. knowing Roman diplomatic practices illuminates not just questions about Rome's evolution as a Mediterranean strength, yet may also make clear a large choice of old and cultural tendencies. Contributers of this identify are: Sheila L. Ager, Alexander Yakobson, Filippo Battistoni, James B. Rives, Jean-Louis Ferrary, Martin Jehne, T. Corey Brennan, Werner Eck, and Rudolf Haensch.
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Extra resources for Diplomats and Diplomacy in the Roman World (Mnemosyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava Supplementum)
See also E. Badian, “Hegemony and Independence: Prolegomena to a Study of the Relations of Rome and the Hellenistic States in the Second Century BC”, in J. ), Actes du viie congrés de la FIEC, roman perspectives on greek diplomacy 19 It is common to connect the ius fetiale with the concept of iustum bellum, not least because the Romans themselves clearly did so,9 but here too the following points should be made. ” Cf. Watson, International Law in Archaic Rome, 69, who comments (in a diﬀerent context) that the constant Roman victories in war would have validated their sense that their wars were just and the gods ruled in their favour.
Ager – The meeting of Flamininus and Philip at the Aous, 198 BC: facilitated by the Epirotes. – Athenian and Achaian intervention with the Boiotians, 196 BC: Flamininus calls Athenians and Achaians to witness he is waging a iustum piumque bellum on the Boiotians; Athenian and Achaian envoys facilitate a meeting between Flamininus and the Boiotian ambassadors, the Achaian plea having the most influence because the Achaians had stated they were prepared to join the conflict on the Roman side. – Athenian intercession with the Aitolians at Flamininus’ request, 192 BC: Athenian envoys urge the Aitolians to remember their societas with the Romans and to resolve their dispute by discussion rather than war.
22 W. Moskalew, “Fetial Rituals and the Rhetoric of the Just War”, Classical Outlook 67 (1989/90), 105–110 argues strongly in favour of the view that the Romans were sincere in their eﬀorts to ensure that their bella were iusta; Eckstein also thinks that the Romans took the issue of bellum iustum quite seriously (Mediterranean Anarchy, 220). 23 See J. Bercovitch, “International Mediation: a Study of the Incidence, Strategies and Conditions of Successful Outcomes”, Cooperation and Conflict 21 (1986), 162, and M.