By Dennis M. Bier, J. Bruce German, Bo Lonnerdal
Learn has proven that people reply another way to diets and, additionally, that they demonstrate various predispositions to many diet-dependent metabolic and degenerative illnesses. the point of interest of dietary technological know-how is therefore transferring from nutritional directions for populations to individualized meals and diets. it's the goal of nutrigenomics to assign this human range in dietary reaction to nutrition - in addition to the next results to human future health - to express genetic parts. while, facts means that nutrition itself is a serious determinant of human diversity.This booklet makes a speciality of the diversities of people as babies and kids with recognize to dietary wishes and responses to nutrition. For this objective, 4 details are mentioned, specifically: how do little ones range in view of genetic range, environmental inputs, previous imprinting, and resident microflora; what are the quick and long term results of those variations; do we effectively check them; and, how will we act on those variations. providing solutions to a couple an important matters, in addition to selecting instructions for extra learn and useful functions by means of the nutrients undefined, this booklet is a crucial resource of knowledge for all these fascinated with the topic of vitamin and person responses.
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Additional resources for Personalized Nutrition for the Diverse Needs of Infants and Children (Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series: Pediatric Program)
Eur J Clin Nutr 2004;58:1174–1180. 29 Gluckman PD, Hanson MA: Maternal constraint of fetal growth and its consequences. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 2004;9:419–425. 30 Stettler N, Tershakovec AM, Zemel BS, et al: Early risk factors for increased adiposity: a cohort study of African American subjects followed from birth to young adulthood. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;72:378–383. 31 Javaid MK, Godfrey KM, Taylor P, et al: Umbilical venous IGF-1 concentration, neonatal bone mass, and body composition. J Bone Miner Res 2004;19:56–63.
Few Swedish infants acquire Bacteroides in the first week of life and they most likely acquire these bacteria from their mother during delivery . The colonization frequency increases only slowly with age , reflecting a low level of exposure to these typical fecal bacteria in modern Western societies. Clostridial spores resist disinfectants and are ubiquitous in the hospital milieu and other environments , and these bacteria are therefore quite easily acquired by the neonate [12, 46–49].
12 Adlerberth I, Hanson LÅ, Wold AE: The ontogeny of the intestinal flora; in Sanderson IR, Walker WA (eds): Development of the Gastrointestinal Tract. Hamilton, Decker, 1999, pp 279–292. 13 Favier CF, de Vos WM, Akkermans AD: Development of bacterial and bifidobacterial communities in feces of newborn babies. Anaerobe 2003;9:219–229. 14 Hopkins MJ, Macfarlane GT, Furrie E, et al: Characterisation of intestinal bacteria in infant stools using real-time PCR and northern hybridisation analyses. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2005;54:77–85.